The AWS Well Architected Framework is a set of best practices and guidelines that are provided by AWS to help customers design and build reliable, secure, efficient, and cost-efficient cloud-based solutions. AWS tool which uses best practices for finding the improvements of your applications in the cloud.
The AWS Well Architected Framework consists of six pillars.
This article focuses on the Reliability pillar and how to apply it to your solutions.
The Reliability pillar is the ability to recover the infrastructure and to minimize the service disruptions and dynamically scale to meet demand.
This pillar involves the use of fault tolerant architectures, high availability, as well as the implementation of backup and disaster recovery mechanisms.
Backup and Recovery Plans
Disaster Recovery mechanisms
Resiliency focuses on creating environments that can adapt, absorb, and bounce back from various challenges such as natural disasters, climate change impacts, social disruptions, and economic uncertainties.
Lack of Resiliency in AWS environments lead to several concerns and risks for businesses and their cloud-based solutions. Some of the key concerns are:
Without resiliency in place, the risk of downtime and service disruptions increases. This results in downgraded performance.
Inadequate resilience can make systems more vulnerable to data loss and insufficient security can expose sensitive information to unauthorized access.
SLAs refer to the expected availability, performance, and reliability of cloud services. Lack of Resilience can make it challenging to meet SLA requirements.
To overcome these concerns, the implementation of resilience practices is mandatory. By designing architectures that incorporate high availability, backup and recovery mechanisms, disaster recovery plans, automated scaling best practices can enhance the resilience of AWS deployments, minimize risks, and improve business continuity.
Let’s look at the High Availability, Backup and Recovery mechanisms, Disaster Recovery plans, and Automated Scaling solutions below.
High Availability refers to the design and implementation of systems that are resilient and capable of providing uninterrupted access to applications and services.
AWS provides a variety of services which enable customers to achieve high availability for their workloads.
AWS provides multiple physically separated and isolated data centers within a region called Availability Zone. Designing applications to span multiple AZs that distribute applications and data ensuring that if data in one availability zone fails, the workload can continue in another availability zone without downtime or service disruption.
Elastic Load Balancing helps in distributing the incoming traffic across multiple instances or resources to ensure high availability and fault tolerance. This Elastic Load Balancing automatically detects unhealthy ones and redirects traffic to healthy ones helping in balancing the load and minimizes the downtime.
Backup and Recovery plans are the essential components of critical data management strategy in AWS. It involves creating reliable and secure copies of data and designing processes to recover that data in case of accidental deletion, hardware failures, data corruption or disasters.
AWS provides various services and tools to support AWS Backup and Recovery plans.
S3 is an AWS object storage service which is highly scalable and durable. It is commonly used for backup purposes. To prevent data from on-premises, S3 allows you to create backups by storing copies of data in S3 buckets. Setting the lifecycle transition policy will help in automating the data transition between storage tiers, including transition of data to S3 Glacier for long term archival storage.
AWS Backup service is a fully managed service that centralized and simplifies backup across various AWS services. It supports Automatic backup scheduling, retention management, and restoration of backups. It integrates with other AWS services like Amazon EBS volumes, Amazon RDS databases, Amazon DynamoDB tables, and AWS Storage Gateway service. It also provides a unified interface to restore data when needed.
Disaster Recovery mechanisms are the essential components of business continuity strategy. It is designed to help businesses recover and restore their critical information in case of a natural disaster or service disruptions.
There are some services and tools to facilitate effective disaster recovery.
AWS EDR is an AWS service that simplifies and automates the process of replicating and recovering workloads from one AWS region to another or from on-premises to AWS. It enables continuous replication of applications, ensuring near-zero data loss and minimal downtime during the recovery process.
Deploying your infrastructure and applications in multiple AWS regions provides geographic redundancy and helps mitigate the impact of region-wide failures. By spreading your workload across different regions, you can avoid permanent loss of critical data or application and you can achieve high availability and resiliency.
Automated Scaling is a feature provided by AWS that helps in dynamically adjust the capacity of your resources based on demand. It enables your infrastructure to automatically scale up or down to handle fluctuations in workload, ensuring optimal performance and cost efficiency. AWS offers several services and tools to facilitate automated scaling.
Here are some key components of automated scaling in AWS:
An Auto Scaling group is a logical grouping of EC2 instances that allows you to automatically scale the number of instances based on predefined conditions. You can set scaling policies that specify how and when instances should be added or removed. Auto Scaling groups monitor metrics such as CPU utilization, network traffic, or application-specific metrics to determine when to scale.
Amazon ECS Service Auto Scaling automatically adjusts the number of tasks running in an Amazon ECS service based on criteria you define. It can scale the number of tasks in response to changes in demand, CPU or memory utilization, or custom metrics. This ensures that your containerized applications can scale seamlessly based on workload requirements.
Overall, incorporating resiliency in AWS deployments helps organizations achieve high availability, restoration of data, scalability, and ability to recover data in case of a disaster. It provides the foundation for robust disaster recovery strategies, improved performance, and enhanced security, enabling businesses to deliver reliable and consistent services to their customers.